Testata giornalistica destinata agli operatori del settore delle sigarette elettroniche - Registrazione Tribunale di Roma: 234/2015; Registro Operatori della Comunicazione: 29956/2017 - Best Edizioni srls, viale Bruno Buozzi 47, Roma - Partita Iva 14153851002

Non ci sono più scuse: ecco le 186 ricerche pro ecig

“Non ci sono sufficienti ricerche e sostegno della sigaretta elettronica”. “Le ricerche sono poche e non in grado di dimostrare alcunché”. “Solo fra trent’anni si potrà avere una valutazione certa sull’impatto della ecig sulla salute”. Quante volte si sono ascoltate queste affermazioni per giustificare un eventuale disinteresse nei confronti del fumo elettronico. Ebbene, da oggi non ci saranno più giustificazioni che terranno. Pubblichiamo qui di seguito la lista delle ricerche scientifiche a sostegno dalle sigaretta elettronica (glicole, glicerina, nicotina) e sui danni delle sigarette tradizionali (combustione, tabacco) pubblicate sino ad oggi. Un lavoro certosino di recupero dei dati partendo dagli anni ’80. Ne abbiamo contate 186 e, a dimostrazione di quanto diciamo, le pubblichiamo una per una.Nella prima colonna il numero d’ordine, nella seconda, l’anno di pubblicazione mentre nella terza il titolo della ricerca con gli autori e, dove possibile, il link al documento originale. Buona lettura!

1 2015 Schweitzer KS, Chen SX, Law S, et al. (2015) – Endothelial disruptive proinflammatory effects of nicotine and e-cigarette vapor exposures. – American Journal of Physiology (2015)
Information: Authors exposed cells with plasma nicotine levels between 162.000 and 3,240.000 ng/ml and call this “relatively high”
Funny fact: Lethal levels are between 2.000 and 4.000 ng/ml! Normal levels for smokers/vapers are between 20-30 ng/ml! (HT Bernd Mayer!)
2 2015 Tierney PA, Karpinski CD, Brown JE, et al. (2015) – Flavour chemicals in electronic cigarette fluids. – Tobacco Control (2015))
Commentary by Michael Siegel:: Study produces unwarranted scare
3 2015 Neilson L, Mankus C, Throne D, et al. (2015) – Development of an in vitro cytotoxicity model for aerosol exposure using 3D reconstructed human airway tissue; application for assessment of e-cigarette aerosol. – Toxicology in Vitro (2015)
4 2015 Polosa R. (2015) – Electronic cigarette use and harm reversal: emerging evidence in the lung. – BMC Medicine (2015)
5 2015 Perkins KA, Karelitz JL, Michael VC (2015) – Reinforcement enhancing effects of acute nicotine via electronic cigarettes. – Drug Alcohol Dependence (2015)
6 2015 O’Connell G, Colard S, Cahours X, Prtchard (2015) – An Assessment of Indoor Air Quality before, during and after Unrestricted Use of E-Cigarettes in a Small Room. Int. Journal Research & PH (2015)
7 2015 Farsalinos KE, Voudris V, Poulas K (2015) – E-cigarettes generate high levels of aldehydes only in ‘dry puff’ conditions. Addiction (2015)
Commentary by J-F Etter:: The recent scares were without substance, and the general verdict that e-cigs areat least 95% safer than smoking remains solid.
8 2015 Etter J-F (2015) – E-cigarettes: methodological and ideological issues and research priorities. – BMC Medicine (2015))
9 2015 Cobb CO, Hendricks PS, Eissenberg T (2015) – Electronic cigarettes and nicotine dependence: evolving products, evolving problems. – BMC Medicine (2015)
10 2015 Farsalinos KE, Gillmann IG et al. (2015) – Nicotine Levels and Presence of Selected Tobacco-Derived Toxins in Tobacco Flavoured Electronic Cigarette Refill Liquids. – Int. Journal Environment Research & PH (2015)
11 2015 Varlet V, Farsalinos KE, Augsburger M (2015) – Toxicity Assessment of Refill Liquids for Electronic Cigarettes. – In. Journal Environment Research & PH (2015)
12 2015 Amato MS, Boyle RG, Levy D (2015) – How to define e-cigarette prevalence? Finding clues in the use frequency distribution. – Tobacco Control (2015)
13 2015 Hajek P (2015) – The development and testing of new nicotine replacement treatments: from ‘nicotine replacement’ to ‘smoking replacement’. Addiction (2015)
14 2015 Scheffler S, Dieken H, Krischenowski O, et al. (2015) – Evaluation of E-Cigarette Liquid Vapor and Mainstream Cigarette Smoke after Direct Exposure of Primary Human Bronchial Epithelial Cells. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health (2015)
Information: Authors apparently ignored ISO 10993-5. They exposed NHBE cells with 200 puffs of e-cig aersol to generate a response. This means: They exposed the cells to as much aersol as needed to have toxicity. With this methodology, any chemical would be toxic. (HT Konstantinos Farsalinos!)
15 2015 O’Brien B, Knight-West O, Walker N, et al. (2015) – E-cigarettes versus NRT for smoking reduction or cessation in people with mental illness: secondary analysis of data from the ASCEND trial. Tobacco Induced Diseases (2015)
16 2015 Farsalinos K, Voudris V, Poulas K (2015) – Are Metals Emitted from Electronic Cigarettes a Reason for Health Concern? A Risk-Assessment Analysis of Currently Available Literature.. Int. Journal Environment Research & PH (2015))
17 2015 Tayyarah R, Long GA (2015) – Comparison of select analytes in aerosol from e-cigarettes with smoke from conventional cigarettes and with ambient air. – Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology (2015)
18 2015 Talih S, Balhas Z, Salman R, et al. (2015) – „Direct Dripping“: A High-Temperature, High-Formaldehyde Emission Electronic Cigarette Use Method. – Nicotine Tobacco Research (2015)
19 2015 Tackett AP, Lechner WV, DeMond MG, et al. (2015) Biochemically verified smoking cessation and vaping beliefs among vape store customers. – Addiction (2015)
20 2015 Shiffman S et al. (2014) – The Impact of Flavor Descriptors on Nonsmoking Teens’ and Adult Smokers’ Interest in Electronic Cigarettes. – Nicotine and Tobacco Research (2015)
21 2015 Al-Delaimy WK, Myers MG, Leas EC, et al. (2015) – E-Cigarette Use in the Past and Quitting Behavior in the Future: A Population-Based Study. – American Journal of Public Health (2015)
22 2015 Moore G, Hewitt G, Evans J, et al. (2015) – Electronic-cigarette use among young people in Wales: evidence from two cross-sectional surveys. – BMJ Open (2015)
23 2015 Etter J-F, Eissenberg T (2015) – Dependence levels in users of electronic cigarettes, nicotine gums and tobacco cigarettes. – Drug and Alcohol Dependence (2015)
24 2015 Meier E M et al. (2015) – Which Nicotine Products Are Gateways to Regular Use?– American Journal of Preventive Medicine (2015)
25 2015 Mishra A, Chatuvedi P, Datta S, et al. (2015) – Harmful effects of nicotine. – Indian Journal Medicine Paediatric Oncology (2015)
26 2014 Rooke C, Cunningham-Burley S, Amos A (2014) – Smokers’ and ex-smokers’ understanding of electronic cigarettes: a qualitative study. – Tobacco Control (2014)
27 2014 Brown J, Beard E, Kotz D, Michie S, West R (2014) – Real-world effectiveness of e-cigarettes when used to aid smoking cessation: a cross-sectional population study. – Addiction (2014)
28 2014 Misra M, Leverette RD, Cooper BT, et al. (2014) – Comparative In Vitro Toxicity Profile of Electronic and Tobacco Cigarettes, Smokeless Tobacco and Nicotine Replacement Therapy Products: E-Liquids, Extracts and Collected Aerosols. – Int. Journal Research & PH (2014)
29 2014 Tierney PA, Karpinski CD, Brown JE et al. (2014) – Flavour chemicals in electronic cigarette fluids. – Tobacco Control (2014)
30 2014 Pepper JK, Ribisl KM, Emery SL, Brewer NT (2014) – Reasons for starting and stopping electronic cigarette use. – Int. Journal Research & PH (2014)
31 2014 Evans SE, Hoffman AC (2014) – Electronic cigarettes: abuse liability, topography and subjective effects. – Tobacco Control (2014)
32 2014 McNeill A, Etter J-F, Farsalinos KE, Hajek P, et al. (2014) – A critique of a World Health Organizationcommissioned report and associated paper on electronic cigarettes. – Addiction (2014)
33 2014 Hajek P, Etter JF, Benowitz N, Eissenberg T, McRobbie H (2014) – Electronic cigarettes: review of use, content, safety, effects on smokers and potential for harm and benefit. – Addiction (2014)
34 2014 Hajek P (2014) – Electronic cigarettes have a potential for huge public health benefit. – BMC Medicine (2014)
35 2014 Bekki K, Uchiyama S et al. (2014) – Carbonyl Compounds Generated from Electronic Cigarettes. – International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (2014)
36 2014 Foulds J, Veldheer S et al. (2014) – Development of a questionnaire to assess dependence on electronic cigarettes in a large sample of ex-smoking e-cig users – Nicotine and Tobacco Research (2014)
37 2014 McRobbie H, Bullen C et al. (2014) – Electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation and reduction – Cochrane Library (2014)
38 2014 Pepper J.K. et al. (2014) – Adolescent Males‘ Awareness of and Willingness to Try Electronic Cigarettes – Journal of Adolescent Health (2014)
39 2014 Goniewicz M L et al. (2014) – Rise in Electronic Cigarette Use Among Adolescents in Poland – Journal of Adolescent Health (2014)
40 2014 Krishnan-Sarin S et al (2014) E-cigarette Use Among High School and Middle School Adolescents in Connecticut – Nicotine and Tobacco Research (2014)
41 2014 Farsalinos K., Romagna G. et al. (2014) Characteristics, Perceived Side Effects and Benefits of Electronic Cigarette Use: A Worldwide Survey of More than 19,000 Consumers – Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health (2014)
42 2014 Pepper J.K. et al. (2014) How U.S. Adults Find Out About Electronic Cigarettes: Implications for Public Health Messages – Nicotine and Tobacco Research (2014)
43 2014 Paradise J. (2014) Electronic Cigarettes: Smoke-Free Laws, Sale Restrictions, and the Public Health – American Journal of public health
44 2014 Marini et al. (2014), Short-term effects of electronic and tobacco cigarettes on exhaled nitric oxide – Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
45 2014 Food and Drug Administration (FDA) (2014) E-Cigarettes: Impact on Individual and Population Health – Tobacco Control Volume 23, suppl 2
46 2014 Stimson G. V. (2014) Public health leadership and electronic cigarette users – European Journal of Public Health
47 2014 Curry L. and Lee YO (2014) E-cigarettes made especially for inmates – Tobacco Control 2014
48 2014 Chatham-Stephens K. et al. (2014) Notes from the Field: Calls to Poison Centers for Exposures to Electronic Cigarettes — United States, September 2010–February 2014 – Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) April 4, 2014 / 63(13);292-293
49 2014 Rodrigo Córdoba García (2014) El desafío de los cigarrillos electrónicos/The challenge of electronic cigarettes – Atención Primaria
50 2014 Nutt D.J.,· Phillips L.D., · Balfour D. et al. (2014) Estimating the Harms of Nicotine-Containing Products Using the MCDA Approach – Eur Addict Res 2014;20:218–225
51 2014 Dagaonkar R., Udwadia Z. (2014) Water Pipes and E-cigarettes : New Faces of an Ancient Enemy – Journal of the association of physicians of india vol 62
52 2014 Brown J., West R. (2014) Prevalence and characteristics of e-cigarette users in Great Britain: Findings from a general population survey of smokers – Addictive Behaviors
53 2014 Cummings, K. et al. (2014) E-Cigarettes and Cancer Patients – Journal of Thoracic Oncology
54 2014 Shawna L. Carroll Chapman, Li-Tzy Wua (2014) – E-cigarette prevalence and correlates of use among adolescents versus adults: A review and comparison – Journal of Psychiatric Research
55 2014 Kim A. et al. (2014) E-cigarette Advertising Expenditures in the U.S., 2011–2012 – American Journal of Preventive Medicine
56 2014 Saitta, D., Ferro, G. and Polosa, R. (2014) Achieving appropriate regulations for electronic cigarettes. Ther Adv Chronic Dis 3 February 2014 (Epub ahead of print). DOI: 10.1177/2040622314521271
57 2014 Farsalinos K., Stimsonb G. (2014), Is there any legal and scientific basis for classifying electronic cigarettes as medications ? – International Journal of Drug Policy
58 2014 Kubica P. , Wasik A., Kot-Wasik A. and Namieśnik J. (2014) – An evaluation of sucrose as a possible contaminant in e-liquids for electronic cigarettes by hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry – Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
59 2014 Vallée JP., Gallois P., Le Noc Y. (2014) e-cigarette: vapoter vaut-il mieux que fumer ? – Médecine. Volume 10, Numéro 3, 121-6, Mars 2014, Stratégies
60 2014 Leverette R.D., Misra, M., Cooper, B;T. and Bennett, M.B. (2014) Potential toxicity of electronic cigarette liquids and aerosols as measured by four in vitro assays – 53rd Annual Meeting of the Society of Toxicology; Phoenix, AZ.
61 2014 Carlos A. et al. (2014) The Electronic Cigarette. Official Statement of the Spanish Society of Pneumology and Thoracic Surgery (SEPAR) on the Efficacy, Safety and Regulation of Electronic Cigarettes – Archivos de Bronconeumología
62 2014 Faure S., Babin S. et al. (2014) Managing tobacco addiction – Actualités Pharmaceutiques Volume 53, Issue 535, April 2014, Pages 27–30
63 2014 Nelson N. (2014) More Questions Than Answers Surrounding E-Cigarette Debate JNCI J Natl Cancer Inst dju101 doi:10.1093/jnci/dju101 first published online March 31, 2014
64 2014 Alpert HR, Agaku IT, Connolly GN (2015) – A study of pyrazines in cigarettes and how additives might be used to enhance tobacco addiction. Tobacco Control (2014)
65 2014 Al-Abed A.; Chung T. et al. (2014) Perceptions, and Awareness of Electronic Cigarettes Among Healthcare Providers and In-Patients – 19th Denman Undergraduate Research Forum
66 2014 Hughes K., Hardcastle K. et al. (2014) “Most people I know have got one”: Young people’s perceptions and experiences of electronic cigarettes – Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University
67 2014 Hughes K., Hardcastle K. et al. (2014) E-cigarette access among young people in Cheshire and Merseyside Findings from the 2013 North West Trading Standards survey – Centre for Public Health, Liverpool John Moores University
68 2014 Sochor O. et al. (2014) Tobacco use and some characteristics of tobacco users. Preliminary results of “Kardiovize Brno 2030” Cor et Vasa
69 2014 Farsalinos K., Polosa R. (2014) – Safety evaluation and risk assessment of electronic cigarettes as tobacco cigarette substitutes: a systematic review. – Therapeutic Advances in Drug Safety (2014)
70 2014 Behar, R., Davis, B., Wang, Y., Bahl, V., Lin, S. and Talbot, P. (2014) Identification of toxicants in cinnamon-flavored electronic cigarette refill fluids. Toxicol In Vitro 28: 198–208.
71 2014 Burstyn, I. (2014) Peering through the mist: Systematic review of what the chemistry of contaminants in electronic cigarettes tells us about health risks. BMC Public Health (2013)
72 2014 Farsalinos, K., Spyrou, A., Tsimopoulou, K., Stefopoulos, C., Romagna, G. and Voudris, V. (2014). Nicotine absorption from electronic cigarette use: comparison between first and new-generation devices. Sci Rep (in press).
73 2014 Grana R.A., Popova L., Ling P.M. (2014) A Longitudinal Analysis of Electronic Cigarette Use and Smoking Cessation JAMA Intern Med
74 2014 Nides, M., Leischow, S., Bhatter, M. and Simmons, M. (2014) Nicotine blood levels and short-term smoking reduction with an electronic nicotine delivery system. Am J Health Behav 38: 265–274.
75 2013 Ronk CJ, Hollins DM, Jacobsen DM (2013) – Evaluation of pulmonary function within a cohort of flavorings workers. – Inhal Toxicol. (2013) – Important!!!
76 2013 Dautzenberg B et al. (2013) – E-Cigarette: A New Tobacco Product for Schoolchildren in Paris – Open Journal of Respiratory Diseases (2013)
77 2013 Adkison, S., O’Connor, R., Bansal-Travers, M., Hyland, A., Borland, R., Yong, H.H. et al. (2013) Electronic nicotine delivery systems: international tobacco control four-country survey. Am J Prev Med 44: 207–215.
78 2013 Barnoya, J. and Navas-Acien, A. (2013) Protecting the world from secondhand tobacco smoke exposure: where do we stand and where do we go from here? Nicotine Tob Res 15: 789–804.
79 2013 Bertholon, J., Becquemin, M., Roy, M., Roy, F., Ledur, D., Annesi Maesano, I. et al. (2013) Comparison of the aerosol produced by electronic cigarettes with conventional cigarettes and the shisha. Rev Mal Respir 30: 752–757.
80 2013 Bullen, C., Howe, C., Laugesen, M., McRobbie, H., Parag, V., Williman, J. et al. (2013) Electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation: a randomised controlled trial. Lancet 382: 1629–1637.
81 2013 Camenga, D., Delmerico, J., Kong, G., Cavallo, D., Hyland, A., Cummings, K. et al. (2013) Trends in use of electronic nicotine delivery systems by adolescents. Addict Behav 39(1): 338–340. Cantrell, F. (2013) Adverse effects of e-cigarette exposures. J Community Health 15 December 2013 (Epub ahead of print). DOI: 10.1007/s10900-013- 9807-5
82 2013 Caponnetto, P., Auditore, R., Russo, C., Cappello, G. and Polosa, R. (2013a) Impact of an electronic cigarette on smoking reduction and cessation in schizophrenic smokers: a prospective 12-month pilot study. Int J Environ Res Public Health 10: 446–461.
83 2013 Caponnetto, P., Campagna, D., Cibella, F., Morjaria, J., Caruso, M., Russo, C. et al. (2013b) EffiCiency and Safety of an eLectronic cigAreTte (ECLAT) as tobacco cigarettes substitute: a prospective 12-month randomized control design study. PLoS One 8: e66317.
84 2013 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (2013) Notes from the field: electronic cigarette use among middle and high school students – United States, 2011-2012. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 62: 729–730. Chen, I. (2013) FDA summary of adverse events on electronic cigarettes. Nicotine Tob Res 15: 615–616.
85 2013 Czogala, J., Goniewicz, M., Fidelus, B., Zielinska- Danch, W., Travers, M. and Sobczak, A. (2013) Secondhand exposure to vapors from electronic cigarettes. Nicotine Tob Res (11 December 2011 (Epub ahead of print). DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntt203
86 2013 Dawkins, L. (2013) Electronic cigarettes: what are they and are they effective? E-Cigarette Summit, London, UK (oral presentation). Available at: http://e-cigarettesummit. com/wp-content/uploads/2013/12/Summit- Presentations.pdf [accessed 22 December 2013].
87 2013 Dawkins, L. and Corcoran, O. (2013) Acute electronic cigarette use: nicotine delivery and subjective effects in regular users. Psychopharmacology (Berl) 231: 401–407.
88 2013 Dawkins, L., Turnern, J., Roberts, A. and Soar, K. (2013) ‘Vaping’ profiles and preferences: an online survey of electronic cigarette users. Addiction 108: 1115–1125.
89 2013 Dockrell, M., Morison, R., Bauld, L. and McNeill, A. (2013) E-Cigarettes: prevalence and attitudes in Great Britain. Nicotine Tob Res 15: 1737–1744.
90 2013 Douptcheva, N., Gmel, G., Studer, J., Deline, S. and Etter, J.F. (2013) Use of electronic cigarettes among young Swiss men. J Epidemiol Community Health 67: 1075–1076.
91 2013 Etter, J., Zäther, E. and Svensson, S. (2013) Analysis of refill liquids for electronic cigarettes. Addiction 108: 1671–1679.
92 2013 Farsalinos, K. and Romagna, G. (2013) Chronic idiopathic neutrophilia in a smoker, relieved after smoking cessation with the use of electronic cigarette: a case report. Clin Med Insights Case Rep 6: 15–21.
93 2013 Farsalinos, K., Romagna, G., Allifranchini, E., Ripamonti, E., Bocchietto, E., Todeschi, S. et al. (2013a) Comparison of the cytotoxic potential of cigarette smoke and electronic cigarette vapour extract on cultured myocardial cells. Int J Environ Res Public Health 10: 5146–5162.
94 2013 Farsalinos, K., Romagna, G., Tsiapras, D., Kyrzopoulos, S. and Voudris, V. (2013b) Evaluating nicotine levels selection and patterns of electronic cigarette use in a group of “vapers” who had achieved complete substitution of smoking. Subst Abuse 7: 139–146.
95 2013 Farsalinos, K., Romagna, G., Tsiapras, D., Kyrzopoulos, S. and Voudris, V. (2013c)Evaluation of electronic cigarette use topography and estimation of liquid consumption: implications for research protocol standards definition and for public health authorities’ regulation. Int J Environ Res
96 2013 Farsalinos, K., Romagna, G. and Voudris, V. (2013d) Authors miss the opportunity to discuss important public health implications. J Chromatogr A 1312: 155–156.
97 2013 Farsalinos, K., Tsiapras, D., Kyrzopoulos, S., Stefopoulos, C., Spyrou, A., Tsakalou, M. et al. (2013f) Immediate effects of electronic cigarette use on coronary circulation and blood carboxyhemoglobin levels: comparison with cigarette smoking. Eur Heart J 34(Abstract Supplement): 13.
98 2013 Flouris, A., Chorti, M., Poulianiti, K., Jamurtas, A., Kostikas, K., Tzatzarakis, M. et al. (2013) Acute impact of active and passive electronic cigarette smoking on serum cotinine and lung function. Inhal Toxicol 25: 91–101.
99 2013 Goniewicz, M., Knysak, J., Gawron, M., Kosmider, L., Sobczak, A., Kurek, J. et al. (2013) Levels of selected carcinogens and toxicants in vapour from electronic cigarettes. Tob Control. DOI: 10.1136/ tobaccocontrol-2012-050859. (Published online: 6 March 2013).
100 2013 Kim, H. and Shin, H. (2013) Determination of tobacco-specific nitrosamines in replacement liquids of electronic cigarettes by liquid chromatographytandem mass spectrometry. J Chromatogr A 1291: 48–55.
101 2013 King, B., Alam, S., Promoff, G., Arrazola, R. and Dube, S. (2013) Awareness and ever use of electronic cigarettes among US adults, 2010–2011. Nicotine Tob Res 15(9): 1623–1627.
102 2013 Lee, S., Grana, R. and Glantz, S. (2013) Electronic cigarette use among Korean adolescents: a crosssectional study of market penetration, dual use, and relationship to quit attempts and former smoking. J Adolesc Health (2013)
103 2013 Mayer, B. (2013). How much nicotine kills a human? Tracing back the generally accepted lethal dose to dubious self-experiments in the nineteenth century.. Arch Toxicol 88: 5–7.
104 2013  MHRA Commission on human medicines, Working Group on nicotine containing products (NCPS) (2013). Current use of electronic cigarettes.
105 2013 National Association of Attorneys General (2013) FDA regulation on E-cigarettes. Available at: http:// www.naag.org/assets/files/pdf/E%20Cigarette%20 Final%20Letter%20(5)(1).pdf (Accessed: 20 November 2013).
106 2013 Nielsen, S., Franklin, G., Longstreth, W., Swanson, P. and Checkoway, H. (2013) Nicotine from edible Solanaceae and risk of Parkinson disease. Ann Neurol 74: 472–477.
107 2013 Palamidas, A., Gennimata, S., Kaltsakas, G., Tsikrika, S., Vakali, S., Gratziou, C. et al. (2013)  Poster: Acute effect of an e-cigarette with and without nicotine on lung function.
108 2013 Polosa, R. and Caponnetto, P. (2013) Time for evidence-based e-cigarette regulation. Lancet Oncol (2013)
109 2013 Polosa, R., Morjaria, J., Caponnetto, P., Campagna, D., Russo, C., Alamo, A. et al. (2013a) Effectiveness and tolerability of electronic cigarette in real-life: a 24-month prospective observational study. Intern Emerg Med. DOI: 10.1007/s11739-013-0977-z (Published online: July 2013).
110 2013 Polosa, R., Rodu, B., Caponnetto, P., Maglia, M. and Raciti, C. (2013b) A fresh look at tobacco harm reduction: the case for the electronic cigarette. Harm Reduct J 10: 19.
111 2013 Romagna, G., Allifranchini, E., Bocchietto, E., Todeschi, S., Esposito, M. and Farsalinos, K. (2013) Cytotoxicity evaluation of electronic cigarette vapor extract on cultured mammalian fibroblasts (ClearStream-LIFE): comparison with tobacco cigarette smoke extract. Inhal Toxicol 25: 354–361.
112 2013 SRNT Europe Annual Congress, Helsinki, Finland. Poster RRP18. Available at: http://www.srnteurope. org/assets/srnt-e2012abstractbook.pdf [accessed 20 November 2013].
113 2013 Schober, W., Szendrei, K., Matzen, W., Osiander- Fuchs, H., Heitmann, D., Schettgen, T. et al. (2013) Use of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) impairs indoor air quality and increases FeNO levels of e-cigarette consumers. Int J Hyg Environ Health. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheh.2013.11.003. (Published online: 6 December 2013).
114 2013 Schripp, T., Markewitz, D., Uhde, E. and Salthammer, T. (2013) Does e-cigarette consumption cause passive vaping? Indoor Air 23: 25–31.
115 2013 US Pharmacopeia (2013) Elemental impurities limits. Available at: http://www.usp.org/sites/default/files/usp_ pdf/EN/USPNF/key-issues/c232_final.pdf (Accessed: 20 November 2013).
116 2013 Van Staden, S., Groenewald, M., Engelbrecht, R., Becker, P. and Hazelhurst, L. (2013) Carboxyhaemoglobin levels, health and lifestyle perceptions in smokers converting from tobacco cigarettes to electronic cigarettes. S Afr Med J 103: 865–868.
117 2013 Williams, M., Villarreal, A., Bozhilov, K., Lin, S. and Talbot, P. (2013) Metal and silicate particles including nanoparticles are present in electronic cigarette cartomizer fluid and aerosol. PLoS One 8: e57987.
118 2013 World Health Organization (2013) Tobacco fact sheet No 339. Updated July 2013. Available at: http://www. who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs339/en/ (Accessed: 18 November 2013).
119 2012 Goniewicz M L et al. (2012) – Electronic Cigarette Use Among Teenagers and Young Adults in Poland – Pediatrics (2012)
120 2012 Aubin, H., Rollema, H., Svensson, T. and Winterer, G. (2012) Smoking, quitting, and psychiatric disease: A review. Neurosci Biobehav Rev 36: 271–284.
121 2012 Bahl, V., Lin, S., Xu, N., Davis, B., Wang, Y. and Talbot, P. (2012) Comparison of electronic cigarette refill fluid cytotoxicity using embryonic and adult models. Reprod Toxicol 34: 529–537.
122 2012 Farsalinos, K., Tsiapras, D., Kyrzopoulos, S., Savvopoulou, M., Avramidou, E., Vasilopoulou, D. et al. (2012) Acute effects of using an electronic nicotine-delivery device (e-cigarette) on myocardial function: comparison with the effects of regular cigarettes. Eur Heart J 33(Abstract Supplement): 203.
123 2012 Flouris, A., Poulianiti, K., Chorti, M., Jamurtas, A., Kouretas, D., Owolabi, E. et al. (2012) Acute effects of electronic and tobacco cigarette smoking on complete blood count. Food Chem Toxicol 50: 3600–3603.
124 2012 Gennimata, S., Palamidas, A., Kaltsakas, G., Tsikrika, S., Vakali, S., Gratziou, C. et al. (2012) Acute effect of e-cigarette on pulmonary function in healthy subjects and smokers. Presented at the European Respiratory Society’s Annual Congress, Poster P1053. Available at: https://www.ersnetsecure.org/public/prg_congres. abstract?ww_i_presentation=59718 (Accessed: 20 November 2013).
125 2012 McAuley, T., Hopke, P., Zhao, J. and Babaian, S. (2012) Comparison of the effects of e-cigarette vapor and cigarette smoke on indoor air quality. Inhal Toxicol 24: 850–857. McCauley, L., Markin, C. and Hosmer, D. (2012) An unexpected consequence of electronic cigarette use. Chest 141(4): 1110–1113.
126 2012 Pellegrino, R., Tinghino, B., Mangiaracina, G., Marani, A., Vitali, M., Protano, C. et al. (2012) Electronic cigarettes: an evaluation of exposure to chemicals and fine particulate matter (PM). Ann Ig 24: 279–288.
127 2012 Romagna, G., Zabarini, L., Barbiero, L., Bocchietto, E., Todeschi, S., Caravati, E. et al. (2012) Characterization of chemicals released to the environment by electronic cigarettes use (ClearStream-Air project): is passive vaping a reality? TAW524430.indd 19 11/02/2014 6:10:34 PM by fila olivier Downloaded from taw.sagepub.com on February 14, 2014 Therapeutic Advances in Drug Safety 20 http://taw.sagepub.com
128 2012 US Fire Administration (2012) Smoking-related Fires in residential buildings (2008-2010). Topical Fire Report Series 13. Available at: http://www.usfa.fema. gov/downloads/pdf/statistics/v13i6.pdf (Accessed: 20 November 2013).
129 2012 Vardavas, C., Anagnostopoulos, N., Kougias, M., Evangelopoulou, V., Connolly, G. and Behrakis, P. (2012) Short-term pulmonary effects of using an electronic cigarette: impact on respiratory flow resistance, impedance, and exhaled nitric oxide. Chest 141: 1400–1406.
130 2012 Woolf, K., Zabad, M., Post, J., McNitt, S., Williams, G. and Bisognano, J. (2012) Effect of nicotine replacement therapy on cardiovascular outcomes after acute coronary syndromes. Am J Cardiol 110: 968–970.
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Un ringraziamento particolare all’amico Rursus per la geniale intuizione.

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